تفاصيل المقرر

المقدمة


The first Wealth is Health, and given Health all other things may be added into us, even in a country like the Sudan with its many-fold drawbacks and disadvantages.
Andrew Balfour, First M.O.H. of Khartoum and first Director of Welcome Tropical Research Laboratories, 1904
These words, said at the turn of the century are still pertinent A multitude of factors: geographical, social ecological and economical have rendered this country a fertile land for a variety of endemic and epidemic diseases. The roll in terms of human misery and economic underdevelopment cannot be over-emphasized. However, between the time of the statement by Dr. Balfour and the present time we have acquired a vast wealth of information and experience on the aetiology, epidemiology and control of the endemic diseases. We have to make the maximum use of what we have learnt
Although the student at this stage is expected to have covered most of the topics in previous blocks, the present course is intended to consolidate his knowledge of these diseases. In addition this course is meant to give the student the confidence and stimulation to pursue further developments in this field on his own. In this way he will identify with the national health problems and make his due contribution.



المحتويات


1 Endemic Disease
2 Leishmaniasis
3 AIDS
4 ARBO viruses & haemorrhagic fevers
5 Diasters management
5 Malaria
6 Tuberculosis
7 Intestinal Parasites
8 Leprosy
9 Zoonoses
10 Meningococcal meningitis
11 Schistosomiasis
12 Enteric Fever & Brucellosis
13 Viral Hepatitis
14 Diagnosis of Fevers



المنسقون



المطلوبات


None


الأهداف


1) General Objectives:

By the end of this course the student is expected to acquire the knowledge and skills which will enable him/her to diagnose, treat , and control the common endemic and epidemic diseases in Sudan .

2) Specific Objectives:

By the end of this course the student should be able to:
2.1 List the internationally notifiable diseases and discuss the regulations covering international travel by area and air and vaccination certificates required;
2.2 Recognise and discuss the general measures for communicable diseases control: diagnosis ,treatment notification, isolation and quarantine., Investigation of cases, contacts and carriers and disease surveillance
2.3 Give an account of :
a)functions of the international organization working in support of health, WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA , UNDP their related bodies and regional offices and mandates
b) know the international classification of diseases
c) Know public health laws

2.4 Discuss the following aspects of malaria:
Life cycle, pathology, immunology, clinical picture chemotherapy (the national treatment protocol) and chemoprophylaxis, epidemiology and the current strategies of malaria control in the Sudan.
2.5 Discuss the following aspects of schistosomiasis: Life cycle , transmission , pathology, immunology , clinical picture and diagnosis of schistosomiasis the names, side effects, dosage and efficacy of the anti-bilharzial drugs currently used. schistosomiasis control strategies currently practiced in the Sudan
2.6 Discuss the following aspects of leishmaniasis:
life cycle, transmission , pathology, clinical picture , diagnosis and treatment of visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis - the epidemiology of leishmaniasis in the Sudan and the control strategies .
2.7 Discuss the following aspects of filarias
pathology, clinical picture diagnosis and control
2.8 Discuss the life cycle, pathology ,clinical picture chemotherapy and control of the following intestinal Helminths: Strongyloides, Entrobius, Taenia, Trichuris, ascaris and tapeworms;

2.9.1 Discuss the life cycle of E. histolytica pathology clinical picture and management of intestinal and extra intestinal amoebiasis
2.9.2 Discuss the epidemiology of amoebiasis and giardiasis

2.10 Discuss the life cycle, clinical picture management and control of hydatid disease
2.11 Discuss salmonella infections of man, including typhoid, paratyphoid and brucellosis; pathogenecity clinical presentation management and control of the different salmonella infections
2.12 Discuss the following about meningitiss ; the pathology , clinical picture, laboratory diagnosis the differential diagnosis chemotherapy and control strategies of epidemic meningococcal meningitis, including the role of vvaccination
2.13 List the viral bacterial and parasitic agents causing diarrhoea and discuss the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, management oral Rehydration therapy and control of diarrhoea diseases including vaccination (Rota Virus Vaccine)
2.14 Discuss the aetiology, transmission, clinical manifestations diagnosis and control of viral hepatitis and hepatitis B vaccine.
2.15 Given an account of the important haemorrhagic fevers modes of transmission ,vectors , pathology , clinical picture, management, and discuss the epidemiology and the different prevention and control strategies .
2.16 Discuss the pathology, clinical picture, treatment, epidemiology and control of yellow fever
2.17 Define the term zoonosis, list the common zoonotic infections in the Sudan and methods of their control
2.18 Discuss the aetiology pathology clinical picture and diagosis of rabies in man and animals and methods of control of rabies
2.19 Discuss the aetiology, pathology clinical picture and diagnosis of AIDS . its epidemiology and the national and international intervention for control of AIDS
2.20 Discuss the pathology, clinical picture and management of a of trachoma and give an account on the epidemiology and control of trachoma in the Sudan
2.21 Discuss the pathogenecity and transmission of tetanus in adults and neonates, and management of tetanus, including active and passive immunisation (tetanus elimination strategy)
2.22 Discuss the epidemiology, pathology clinical picture, management and control of plague and relapsing fever, with special reference to epidemics that occurred in the Sudan
2.23 List the common aetiological agents of madura in the Sudan mode of infection epidemiology, clinical picture, histopathology diagnosis and management of different types of madura
2.24 Discuss the pathology of tuberculosis in children and adults the value of mantoux test and BCG vaccination, the clinical picture chemotherapy, epidemiology and control of tuberculosis with reference to the DOTS strategy
2.25 Discuss the aetiology , pathology , clinical picture treatment and control of leprosy and leprosy eradication strategy .
2.26 Outline the management of disasters e.g. famine, floods and the health problems usually associated with such disasters, outline strategies of mass feeding during disasters
2.27 Discuss the pathophysiology of fever, clinical types of fever nursing of the febrile k
2.28 Discuss the common new emerging diseases (SARS, Avian influenza, swine influenza)



طرق التدريس


1 Students’ seminars
2 Lecture - Discussions
3 Reading Assignments
4 Written Report



المصادر


1) Human Resources:

1.1 Specialists in Parasitology
1.2 Specialists in microbiology
1.3 Specialists in the diets
1.4 Specialists in community medicine
1.5 Specialists in pathology
1.6 Specialists in Internal Medicine
1.7 Specialists in pediatrics
1.8 Specialists in surgery
1.9 Specialists in Dermatology

2) Physical Resources:

2.1. Stationeries
2.2. Lecture Room
2.3 Multimedia



وسائل التقويم


1 MCQs paper 50%
2 Short assay 40%
3 Attendance 10%



المراجع


Control of communicable diseases in Man , Editor : Abram Sbenean
American Journal of Tropical Medicine WHO Publication
Trans Roy. Soc. Trop. P Med. Para
Mansions Tropical

كتاب : مكافحة الأمراض السارية في الإنسان .
إعداد جمعية الصحة العامة الأمريكية ، ترجمة منظمة الصحة العالمية .
الدوريات المتواجدة في مكتبة كلية الطب .
المعجم الطبي الموحد .


الجدول الزمني

الاحد: 9/10/2016 8:00 3:30 مقدمة المقرر د. محمد المختار محمد سعد الدين د. صلاح الامين احمد بابكر
الاثنين : 10/10/2016 8:00 9:00 الكزار Tetanus د. عبد السلام الطيب
12:00 1:00 الكوارث د. الريح محمد احمد
الثلاثاء : 11/10/2016 9:00 11:00 قوانين الصحة العامة والصحة الدولية د. محمد المختار محمد سعد الدين
الاربعاء : 12/10/2016 طولاني
الخميس : 13/10/2016 8:00 ـــــــــ 10:00 الملاريا عند الكبار د. سيد مصطفي البشري
الاحد : 16/10/2016 9:00 ـــــــــــ 11:00 التهاب الكبد الحموي (سمنار طلابي ) ب. عثمان خلف الله سعيد د. محمد ابراهيم مالك
12:00 ــــــــــــــــــــ 2:00 الحميات المجهولة (سمنار طلابي ) د. صلاح الامين احمد بابكر د. موسي مصطفي سعد
الاثنين : 17/10/2016 8:00 ـــــــــــــــــــــ 9:00 البلهارسيا ( سمنار طلابي ) د. هاشم التوم احمد ب. الجيلي محمد الجيلي
12:00 ـــــــــــــــــ 2:00 سمنار الدرن د. محمد بشري احمد د. جورج ظريق
الثلاثا: 18/10/2016 8:00 ـــــــــــــــــــــــ 9:00 امراض حيوانية المصدر ( سمنار طلابي ) د. احمد عوض الكريم ادم د. عمر عربي
12:00 ـــــــــــ 2:00 لشمانيا جلدية د. عبد الله محمد توم
الاربعاء 19/10/2016 طولاني
الخميس : 20/10/2016 10:00 ـــــــــــــــــ 8:00 الشمانيا الحشوية ب. سيد مصطفي البشري ب. عثمان خلف الله سعيد
12:00 ــــــــــــــ 2:00 الحميات النزفية (سمنار طلابي) د. عبد الله محمد توم د. سلوي السنوسي حسين
الاحد : 23/10/2016 8:00 ـــــــــــــــــــ 10:00 حمي التايفويد د. محمد ابراهيم مالك
11:00 ــــــــــ 1:00 حمي مالطية د. صلاح الامين احمد بابكر
الاثنين : 24/10/2016 9:00 ـــــــــ 12:00 المـــــــــــــــادورا ( سمنار طلابي ) م. مجد الدين احمد علي م. احمد كمال احمد صالح م. محمد دفع الله عوض الله
الثلاثا: 25/10/2016 9:00 ـــــــــــــــــ 10:00 التهاب السحايا د. حسين زيدان
11:00 ــــــــ 2:00 امراض الاسهالات (سمنار طلابي ) د. هدي محمد هارون د. موسي مصطفي
الاربعاء :26/10/2016 طولاني
الخميس : 27/10/2016 8:00 ــــــــ 11:00 امراض الخيطات Filariasis د. مامون ميرغني احمد د. اعتدال عباس العجوه د. محمد الحسن طه د. سعيد بابكر محمود ب. معاوية البلال محمد
12:00 ـــــــــــــــ 2:00 الملاريا عند الاطفال ب. علي بابكر حبور
الاحد 30/10/2016 9:00 ــــــ 11:00 الطفيليات المعوية قارديا , اميبيا د. عبد الله عبد الكريم جبريل ب. معاوية البلال
12:00 ـــــــــــــــ 2:00 الايدز AIDS (سمنار طلابي ) د. محمد الحسن طه د. سعيد بابكر محمود
الاثنين : 31/11/2016 8:30 ـــــــــــــــــــ 9:30 الجزام د. عبد الله محمد توم
11:00 ــــــــــــ 2:00 الديدان المعوية (سمنار طلابي ) ب. معاوية البلال
الثلاثاء: 1/11/2016 8:00 ـــــــ 10:00 السعر د. احمد عوض الكريم ادم
11:00 ـــــــــ 12:00 امراض العيون د. فدوي هاشم محمد
الاربعاء 2/11/2016 طولاني
الخميس 3/11/2016 9:00 ـــــــــــــــــ 10:00 التهاب سحايا الاطفال ب. حيدر الهادي بابكر
الاحد : 6/11/2016 اختياري
الاثنين : 7/11/2016 اختياري
الثلاثاء: 8/11/2016 اختياري
الاربعاء9/11/2016 اختباري
الخميس : 10/11/2016 الامتحان التحريري اسئلة متعددة الخيارات + مقالات

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