تفاصيل المقرر

المقدمة


Since the intention of the University as a whole is to meet community needs. It is desired that students should be trained very well in the environment they are going to work in i.e. the community at large. Furthermore, since the intention also is to integrate the University very well with the community around it and plan and implement a rural development programme both students and staff should be committed to this in a major way and use the appropriate scientific methods. The present programme, the details of which appear below is designed to meet these needs.



المحتويات


Phase 1

1 Factors affecting health and concept of health promotion.
2 Demographic characteristics and rural health
3 Qualitative methods in data collection.
4 Quantitative methods in data collection.
5 design a questionnaire
6 Questionnaire filling and analysis.
7 Communication methods.
8 Role play.
9 AIDS & AIDS questionnaire
10 Data presentation and report writing.
11 field visits
12 Exhibition preparation.
13 working in the selected villages
14 communication with community leaders
15 Problems identification and prioritizations
16 How to write a project proposal
17 MCH programme activities in villages
18 AIDS programme
19 Diabetes in children control programme" in villages
20 Diabetes in adults control programme" in villages
21 AIDS Questionnaire explanation & completion
22 villages problems & submission of proposals for solutions
23 priority projects.
24 Reduction of maternal mortality
25 The role of associated health programmes for health promotion
26 Conduct activities as prescribed
27 Opening ceremony & exhibition evaluation
28 Reports



المنسقون



المطلوبات


Statistics & medical demography


الأهداف


1 ) GENERAL OBJECTIVES:
1.1 Provides practical field training for students in the rural areas
1.2 Through application of the concept of interdisciplinarity, helps bring closer various faculties and staff members as well as students of various disciplines thus enhancing team work approach
1.3 Develops in students such ability as problem-solving and research abilities and such attitudes as community-orientation and team work including community participation and involvement
1 .4 Provides staff with excellent opportunities for relevant research which will in turn help in hte management of community problems on scientific basis
1.5 Engages University in rural development and helps in realise its goal in this connection as well as the other goals of relevance and practical training

2) SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:
Each group of 12 - 15 students will be assigned one village (population 500 -700). They will be supervised by a group of staff members who could then supervise more than one group of students. The students will be responsible for the development of their village. They will identify the problems, pose solutions for them, design an action plan, implement that plan using all available resources (throughout involving the people of the village themselves) and make a preliminary evaluation of this plan. In the process they will be collecting data, analysing these data and drawing conclusions from them, looking up relevant references and in the final analysis presenting the whole thing in a project report written in sound scientific manner. This will be submitted and evaluated in the final semester and will contribute marks towards their degree.
The supervisor only facilitate for students the fulfillment of their objectives and as much as possible leave it for the students to solve their own problems, thus helping development of problem-solving abilities and independent learning, hence continuing education.

First course (Phase 1):
2.1 Plan collection of basic data including epidemiological and statistical methodologies (campus)
2.2 Collect basic data (village). Village location, environment, available amenities (health, agricultural and socioeconomic), Education), main health, agricultural and economic problems as related by the people, prevailing customs and traditions etc..Basic demographic data.
2.3 Analyse basic data and identify further data to be collected (campus)
2.4 Identify problems provisionally (campus). 3.2.5 Collect further data (village), if necessary and discuss problems and their implications with people in village
2.6 Plan individual/group project after reference reading (campus) to investigate and solve problems identified including methodologies of project design and scientific study
2.7 Design and prepare record forms etc.. (campus)
2.8 Collect data of projects from village, government agencies, other sectors, etc..
2.9 Analyse data and draw conclusions and recommendations (campus)
2.10 Prepare action plan and methods of evaluation (campus)
2.11 Implement plan (village)

During the semesters:
further discussion of the information and thoughts are arranged in evening seminars to facilitate exchange of ideas and experiences. The University will then be living throughout in a rural development atmosphere. Elective periods may be utilized by stuidents as they wish for planning, exchange of views etc.. Time is alloted for project presentations in the last semester in Medicine.

AREA for implementation of the programme:
In Gezira there are three areas in various stages of development.
1 Area (1)
The villages across the River Blue Nile where development is virtually zero and very basic essentials of live are lacking.

2 Area (2)
Villages in Rahad Scheme where development is just starting

3 Area (3)
Villages in Gezira and Managil Schemes where development has taken place for years and has ended up with many problems. Those areas provide a spectrum of rural development and inherent problems and allows for comparative studies.



طرق التدريس


1 reports
2 Group work and discussion
3 Seminars
4 exhibition



المصادر


1) Human Resources:

1.1 Supervisors
1.2 Community staff

2) Physical Resources:

2.1 transport facilities for both students and staff is the most essential component to be provided together with arrangement for accommodation.
2.2 stationary, facility for data analysis (computer or statistical laboratory e.g. in the Faculty of Economics and Rural Development)
2.3 relevant reference especially those related to tropical diseases and their socioeconomic implications to agriculture and the environment as a whole.

2.4 FUNDING AND THE ROLE OF THE UNIVERSITY:
It is expected that various external sources be tapped for financial provisiion especially interested parties like WHO, UNICEF, FORD, and voluntary bodies.
Internal sources include the Gezira Board, the Governate, Peoples Councils and self-help programmes. Foremost of all the University is expected to secure funds in its own budget for this programme.
These endeavours to make available these resources are very much warranted because the University as a whole is built on the concept of the environment and rural development is its hallmark.



وسائل التقويم


1 Products in the form of data collected, level of seminars presented and projects written

2 Impact of population concerned:
2.1 by students in their projects
2.2 "opinionnaire" and discussion with the people of the village
2.3 short and long term effects
These can be projects by students and/or staff as follow-up procedures.

First course :
A/ 1. attendance/performance --- 30%
2 seminars (group evaluation) ---20%
3. final report ---30%
4. Exhibition ---10%
5. Project --- 10%
B/ Feedback from students and questionnaire.

BENEFITS TO STUDENTS, STAFF, UNIVERSITY AND COMMUNITY :

• Community-orientation
• Problem-solving
• Group work and team approach
• Interdisciplinarity
• Peer learning for staff and students
• Relevant research into community problems based on the scientific method
• Self-evaluation
• Community development

ROLE OF SUPERVISORS
- Supervisors will have 2 groups to look after.
- Supervisors only facilitate for students the fulfillment of their objectives, they can help and advise students in the following areas, and any other areas,
which they think is relevant:
1- Design of a scientific protocol
2- Methods used for data collection, analysis, etc..
3- Design record forms, questionnaires etc..
4- Writing of scientific project.
- Report of supervisors will form part of the final evaluation of students.
Coordinator



المراجع


1- Survey Methods in Community Medicine by Abramson.
2- Where there is no Doctor by David Werner chapters II, 12, 20, 21.
3- Rural Health Care by Milton I. Roeme chapter 5.
4- Community Health by C.H. Wood, J.P. Vaughan H. de Glanville all chapters esp. chapters 1, 2, 7.
5- Basic Health Care in Devedloping Countries an epidemiological perspective. Edited by Basil S. Hetzel, esp. chapters 7, 8.
6- Epidemiology in Medical Practice.
7- "African Health Training Institutions Project" booklets: see detailed list for relevant units.
8- WHO Publications and booklets e.g. technical report series, public health papers: WHO Chronicle, World Health forum, etc.. - see library
9- The Anthropology of Health by Eleanor E. Bauwens chapter 8.
10- Human Nutrition in Tropical Africa.
11- The Health Development of African Communities, WHO< AFRO Technical papers.



الجدول الزمني

SUNDAY 13/11/2016 08:30 – 10:30 Introduction to the course & its objectives Coordinators
11:30 – 1:00 Factors affecting health and concept of health promotion. Dr . Eiman Abd Almoneim
3:00 Demographic characteristics and rural health Dr.Mohamed ALMukhatar
MONDAY 14/11/2016 8:30 --- 10:00 Epidemiological studies. Dr .Salwa Al Sanousi
11:00-----12:00 Qualitative methods in data collection.( F G D) Dr . Elryah Mohmed Ahmed
12:30__ 1:30 Quantitative methods in data collection.( questionnaire) Dr. .Ibtisam Mohmed Elbasheer
2:00__ 3:00 Mycetoma Mr. Gamal Mustafa + Prof. Samira Hamid
TUESDAY 15/11/2016 9:00 ___ 10:00 Communication methods. Dr . Elryah Mohmed Ahmed.
11:00___12:30 Discussion of the questionnaire Dr. Osman Hamid Abdulhamid
12:30 __ 3:00 Data presentation and report writing. Prof. Majda Elhadi Ahmed
WENSDAY 16/11/2016 8:00 -- 9:00 Group presentation Group ( 1 – 4 ) Dr. Osman Hamid Abdulhamid
9:00___10:15 Group ( 5 - 9 ) Dr . Eiman Abd Almonam
10:15___11:15 Group ( 10 - 13 ) Dr . Elryah Mohmed Ahmed
12:30__1:30 Group ( 14 - 17 ) Dr. Abeer Abdoelrahman
1:30__2:30 Group ( 18 - 22 ) Dr. Ejlal Basheer
THURSDAY 17/11/2016 08:30 – 10:30 Data Entery D. Alhiber
11:00 – 1:00 1:00__3:00 Practical Dr. Elhiber
SUNDAY 20/11/2016 9:00 – 11:00 The Family bank director The Family bank director
12:00__2:00 Micro- finance bank of Sudan Micro- finance bank of Sudan
9:00__10:30 How to design data collection tools (Practical) Coordinators
10:30 -- 11:30 Prioritization of problem and selection of priority problem Dr. Abeer Abdoelrahman
12:30 – 2:30 Report writing Dr . Elryah Mohmed Ahmed
Day: 8 TUESDAY 22/11/2016 9:00 --- 10:00 Breast Self-Examination Dr . Eiman Abd Almonam
11:00 --- 2:00 Prevention and control of N C D s Dr. Abd Alnaser Ahmed
WENSDAY 23/11/2016 8:30__11:00 Maternal health and Maternal death audit Dr. Elhadi Muskeen
THURESDAY 24/11/2016 Preparation to travel Coordinators
FRIDAY 25/11/2016 Travel to villages Coordinators
FRIDAY 2/12/2016 Return back from Villages
SATURDAY 3/12/2016 Preparation for seminar
SUNDAY 4/12/2016 8:30__10:00 Group work presentation Group (1 - 3 ) Dr. Fakhar Eldaien Ali Yasin
11:30__1:00 Group (4 - 6) Dr. Osman Hamid abdulhamid
1:00__3:00 Group (7 - 9) Dr Elryah Mohmed Ahmed
MONDAY 5/12/2016 8:30__10:00 Group work presentation Group (10 - 12 ) Dr. Rehab Imam Mokhatar
11:30__1:00 Group (13 - 15) Dr . Eiman Abd Almonam
1:00__3:00 Group (16 - 18) Dr . Ejlal Basheer
TUESDAY 6/12/2016 8:30__10:00 Group work presentation Group (19 - 20 ) Dr. Abd Alnaser Ahmed
11:30__1:00 Group (21 - 22 ) Dr. Shereen Mirgane
WENSDAY 7/12/2016 9:00__10:00 Project writing implemented Dr . Elryah mohmed ahmed
11:00__3:00 Project writing Group work implemented student
THURESDAY 8/12/2016 Travel to villages ( Group COORDINATORS)
SUNDAY 11/12/2016 8:30__10:00 Group work presentation Group (1 - 4 ) Dr .Salwa Al Sanousi + Dr. Rehab Imam Mokhatar
11:30__1:00 Group (5 - 8 ) Prof. Majda Elhadi Ahmed + Dr . Shereen Mirgane
MONDAY 12/12/2016 8:30__10:00 Group (12 - 9 ) Dr . Shereen Mirgane
11:30__1:00 Group (13 - 16 ) Dr. Rehab Imam Mokhatar
TUESDAY 13/12/2016 8:30__11:00 Group (17 - 19 ) Dr . Elryah mohmed ahmed
12:00__1:30 Group (20 - 22 ) Dr. Abeer Abdoelrahman
WEDNSDAY 14/12/2016 Exhibition preparation. Supervisors
THURESDAY 15/12/2016 Exhibition evaluation The Dean – Department Staff
16/12/2016 Report Collection Dorea + Sit Elpanat (report office)

إتصل بنا